The four central points of the WG theory and evidence
1. The light matter with its composed particles WG fills all the universal space and permeates into micro-world
Fist of all, I must point out that this central point is not a hypothesis, but a fact that has been verified by the astrophysics and the elementary particle physics, especially by the discovery of dark matter.
According the contents of chapters
1 and 2 dark matter, which actually is a
kind of light matter, and is composed of the original gravitational particle, we
call it the WG. The further qualitative and quantitative verifying refers to the
chapters 1, 3, 4, and 5.
Evidence 1. Microwave radiation
Using the Hubble telescope, astrophysicists have
observed that there is microwave radiation with
intensity of 2.7k in the depth of the universe. It is an irrefutable fact
that there is light matter in the whole of the universe.
Evidence 2. Exchanging photons between the elementary particles.
Furthermore, the elementary particle physics have
shown that emission or absorption of photon quanta
always accompanies the interaction between particles. Surely it is irrefutable
evidence that light matter exists in the space between micro particles.
2. The light matter WG possesses the character of the universal gravitational force.
The verification about the existence of “dark
matter”, and the fact that the light deflects in the
gravitational field has already proved this central point.
3. All of the elementary particles consist of light matter WG.
When I began to address this problem, some physicists
censured me regardless of their level of understanding. Fortunately the physical
experiments supported my point of view and show this point unquestionably.
Evidence 1. The annihilation of elementary particles
As is well known in elementary particle physics, when an electron
interacts with a positron, both particles will annihilate into light energy
+ e +
annihilation can happen to a proton and an antiproton. In
fact all of the elementary particles have their corresponding antiparticles, and
so particle-antiparticle can annihilate into light energy.
Evidence 2. The absorption and / or emission of light energy inevitably accompany all interactions between elementary particles.
It is worthwhile to emphasize the
fact that the absorption and / or emission of light energy inevitably accompany
all interactions between elementary particles. This fact is a
satisfactory and necessary condition for central point 3 to be valid. This is
the most fundamental fact, and is similar to the fact that all substances
consist of molecules, and all molecules consist of atoms. They are a complete
fact there is much experimental data that can verify the above three central
points sufficiently to accept as proven. I will just quote two examples to
Evidence 3. All kind of matter commonly possesses a gravitational force.
Physics has verified that all matter, micro or macro,
for example, the galaxy, earth; a piece of wood, a molecule, an atom and even an
elementary particle, all commonly possess a
Evidence 4. Physics has already verified that the total
energy of matter is
this energy formula of matter adapts all kind of objects such as atoms,
molecules, the earth, the galaxy and so on are all composed of light matter.
For matter with a mass
of M, its greatest energy is when
it is converted into light matter. According to the wave theory and optical
theory, the kinetic energy of light waves equals the potential energy of it.
Moreover, the classical calculation of the electrimeganitic wave theory has
Kinetic energy =
This means that the total energy must be:
4. This light matter, i.e. the dark matter in the universe constructs “velocity ether”
Actually, this central point is a direct consequence from the first three main points. The name “velocity ether” comes from the famous physicist P.A.M.Dirac, who has suggested in his research work that there must exist something like ether. The main property of which is “velocity ether”. Regretfully, in the past several years physicists deemed that light was not matter, but pure energy. It would be a particle without mass. However the facts shows that light matter possesses gravitational interaction, fills up all universal space and seeps into the micro-world. We know that the strength of gravitational interaction is too weak to bind particles to form a bigger particle and gravitational interaction between WGs is a kind of long-range interaction. While in the short range it must induce some elastic repulsive force so that light matter in the universal space possesses all properties that ether must possess. Moreover, it inevitably interacts with micro as well as macro substances. The average velocity of light matter is light velocity c. Therefore, the name velocity ether matches reality.
WG theory and classical “ether” hypothesis
At this point I must take the trouble to elaborate
the essential difference between WG theory and classical ether hypothesis. At
first sight, due to the failures in the classical “ether” hypothesis, some
would assert that my theory is following along the same line. But as will be
seen later, it is not so simple.
It is well known, the classical “ether”
hypothesis is founded on a subjective basis. It assumed that there was an
absolute static “ether”, which filled up all of the space in the universe
and, even permeated the micro-world. It must therefore be a carrier for
propagated motion and its shear coefficient must be 1000 times greater than that
of irons shear coefficient. At the end of 19th century many experiments were
designed to test the velocity of ether with respect to other matter. The
Michelson’s experiment on the ether drag effect is a famous one. But no
interference pattern was detected in this experiment.
In contrast to the classical ether theory, the
“velocity ether” of light matter is not a subjective hypothesis. Its
existence has been confirmed by all of the experiments on microwave background
radiation and elementary particle. In my theory the “velocity ether” is not
static. The part of the “velocity ether” can be in different motions due to
the interaction of a gravitational field. For example, the gravitational field
of the earth can drag the air above it, and in inner space between the air
molecules there is certain light matter emitted from air molecules which is also
the medium of light propagation and it has the same moving component with the
air structure. It seems like the air in turn can drag "the light matter
ether". In this respect the Michelson’s experiment is nothing but
powerful evidence for my theory. After studying some math-physical models
provided in the following text (Refer to the chapter 6
STABLE ELEMENTAL PARTICLE – a math- physical model of "Basic body of
particles"), readers could see more clearly and directly the mechanism
of how the atmosphere drags "the light matter ether".
important reason, according to physicists who have negated the classical
“ether” hypothesis, is the shear coefficient that must be 1000 times greater
than that of iron. What is the shear coefficient that the light matter ether
possesses in my theory? As the “light matter” possesses universal
gravitational nature, it is a long-range interaction, whose average velocity is
light velocity c. Therefore it is self-evident for light matter to have this
peculiar shear coefficient. In fact, the light matter is a perfect medium for
propagating event information.
For comparison, we have written down some properties
of both classical “ether” and light matter WG ether” in table 4-1
be greater than
times of iron’s
whole universe; permeates in micro world
interaction; relative motion
The photon quanta and the WG light matter
exists a state of original particle of light matter but it is not the photon
quantum hn. I call
it WG as mentioned in this paper. The light matter WG possesses has a
gravitational character. In chapter 5
I have worked out its theoretical level of mass order that is 3.6 x 10-42
g and perfectly agrees with the experimental value. Obviously the WG fills up
all space in the universe and permeates into the micro world between elementary
According to the description of WG theory the photon quantum is a phenomenon of wave-particle interference in the space filled with light matter WG. It is a kind of standing wave in mathematical form. Certainly it has been confirmed by the discovery of “dark matter”. The nature of photon quantum hn (n can get the value from 0 to infinite) has been described as the character of the standing wave, it means that no actual particle state of photon exist in the space of light propagation and it is a certain quantity of WG that the object system emits or absorbs when it is stimulated. The character of WG determines the value of h and the relations of “Schrödinger” equation of the object system determine the value of n. Further more we know the theory of matter wave has been verified, and is revealed in the math form of hn can characterize all matter or objects. So the wave-particle duality proves that the light propagation depends on some medium not as the relativists exert that light propagates in a vacuum without any medium or carrier and it is pure energy.